There is much that we can learn from the field of social work in understanding how to assist students in integrating their classroom pronunciation work and individual practice into spontaneous speaking. Here is a definition I like from East Tennessee University: "Clinical practice is defined as a model of practice that involves those activities with and on behalf of clients, especially those activities completed in the client’s presence and with the client’s collaboration. These activities are informed by an ecologically based biopsychosocial assessment (italics, mine.) These interventive and change oriented activities are based on a range of theories . . . These activities may take place in an individual, family, or group setting." What is fascinating is that if you go on to the link and read the rest of the description of the responsibilities of the social worker, you will find that our field today certainly gets the social advocacy and social justice dimension. It is the critical "middle, the "clinical practice" phase following up on classroom presentation and brief "noticing"practice, that is often missing or downplayed in contemporary teaching that explains why pronunciation work may not be integrated into real world functioning and communication. Support your local eco-bio-psycho-social HICP practitioner!