(PTSD? interpreted: A condition afflicting some in the field of pronunciation teaching today such that they still find extensive use of the body hard to swallow!) Of course the more generally accepted meaning of the acronym, PTSD, is post-traumatic stress disorder, a potentially very serious psychological problem affecting hundreds of thousands of people worldwide. As noted in earlier blogposts, one of the most important theories contributing to the early development of HICP was Observed Experiential Integration, which is used extensively in the treatment of PTSD. As the name of the theory and therapy suggests, it is a system that focuses on integration of change into daily functioning of the patient, one that relies heavily on body-based therapeutic techniques, including managed eye tracking and massage therapy. One parallel between approaches to PTSD treatment such as OEI and HICP teaching is worth considering: how enhanced behaviour and attitudes are managed by therapist (or instructor) into everyday interaction and communication. The point of departure is consistently somatic: train the body and then employ it as the primary driver of integration, not pre-frontal, cognitive "thought." Not that cognitive therapy or cognitive linguistics do not contribute substantially or are not necessary, only that the body . . . is!